Technology has become perhaps the greatest agent of change in the modern world. While never without risk, positive technological breakthroughs promise innovative solutions to the most pressing global challenges of our time, from resource scarcity to global environmental change.
An emerging technology (as distinguished from a conventional technology) is a field of technology that broaches new territory in some significant way, with new technological developments. Examples of currently emerging technologies include educational technology, information technology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, cognitive science, robotics, and artificial intelligence. New technological fields may result from the technological convergence of different systems evolving towards similar goals. Convergence brings previously separate technologies such as voice (and telephony features), data (and productivity applications) and video together so that they share resources and interact with each other, creating new efficiencies.
Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage; converging technologies represent previously distinct fields which are in some way moving towards stronger inter-connection and similar goals. Engineers are major contributor in this field of development. Freshers and students pursuing engineering/science degree courses should be aware of these technologies, which would obviously give them additional opportunities in innovating their own ideas.
The few major technological advancements in particular fields are listed below:
5G Wireless Systems
Six Stroke Engine
Electric Drive Vehicles
Floating Solar Chimney Technology
Google App Engine
Maglev Levitation Trains
Eddy Current Brake
Swarm Intelligence Systems and Application
Driverless City Vehicles
Nanostructured Carbon Composites
Body-adapted Wearable Electronics